I have been meaning to share a personal behavior system I use with one of my kiddos with severe behavior issues (self-abuse and violence towards others, to be vague and non-specific about it).
As a whole-class behavior system, we use the clip chart and ticket system I put together this summer. It's working really well for most of my students. They are also learning how to evaluate their own behavior using a "thumbs up, thumbs down, or just okay" hand sign. I ask them about their behavior/participation level throughout the day at predetermined times and they give me the hand signal and can have their clip moved up or down accordingly...they are doing pretty well with understanding expectations and being honest about how they are following those expectations when asked!
If anyone would like a better explanation of our thumbs up/thumbs down system, how it works with the clip chart/tickets, and how I've been teaching self-evaluation to kids with severe/multiple impairments, let me know and I'd be glad to elaborate.
For my kiddo I mentioned above with the severe behaviors, he does follow the whole-class system, but he also needs something additional. He has several different things he is highly motivated by, as well as a few things we have discovered that help him get control of his behavior, so I created this little chart for him that goes with him throughout the day:
The six smiling face icons stay uncovered at the beginning of the day. We add a red "X" icon over one each time his behavior gets out of control. If he ends the day with at least one smiling face, he has earned the treat.
I am loving this for a few reasons:
-He is in control of the choices. He had input when we created the chart, as far as what options he wanted to be available to him (we did get veto power! no, he is not allowed to work for an entire movie!), and it's entirely up to him what he chooses, both for the treat and the help item, each day. This freedom has ended up being really motivating to him.
-It's completely editable. If we find six "strikes" are too few or too many, it'd be easy to take away or add some. Likewise with the number of "helps" he gets each day. Or, if he becomes motivated by another treat, that can go into the mix...or if we discover another option that really helps calm him, we can add that, too.
-It's small and portable so it goes with him everywhere. He can always see it, and it's easy for staff to implement. We keep the icons in a small, clear pencil pouch and that also goes with us everywhere.
-It's relatively low-key to implement, and not distracting to the other students. If he gets out of control, we can just quietly tell him "I need to add an X to your chart," and quickly do so and move on. (Obviously if there is a violent behavior it needs to be addressed more explicitly to keep him or others safe - he is in a wheelchair so with this student it is fairly simple, most times, to move him to a safe distance from other people if needed.) We actually don't have to say anything most times. He definitely understands what that red X means and knows he has to get his behavior under control if he doesn't want more.
This would be super easy to customize for other students; I just have not had to as of yet. I created the chart in Boardmaker, but it would be just as easy to use real photos, words, etc. according to the needs of the particular student.